|CHARMING PERSONALITY :|
|When I returned to my Country, I first went to Lokamanya Tilak. He appeared tall like the Himalayas. I thought it was not possible for me to scale the heights and returned. Then I went to Deshbandhu Gokhale. He appeared deep like the Ocean. I saw that it was not possible for me to gauge the depth and returned. Finally, I went to Mahamana Malaviya and he appeared like the pure flow of Ganga. I saw it was possible to take bath in the sacred flow. - Mahatma Gandhi
His achievements were many and varied, but he himself was greater than the greatest of all of his achievements.........Mahatma Gandhi once called him pratah smaraniyah – a sage whose name, if spoken in the morning, would lift one out of the mire of one’s sordid self. –K.M. Munshi
If Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi can be called Mahatma Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya can be aptly called Dharmatma Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. -C. Y. Chintamani
Sitting near Malaviyaji I always felt a holiness that one feels after taking a sacred dip in the sacred Ganga. -Jai Prakash Narayan
His was a spotless, crystal clear life of sacrifice and sadhana, against which no one could ever find any blemish or point finger. If we lift the veil from his personal life, we will not be able to see any unclean spot. In this matter He was pure like a vast open paradise. It was one of his great achievements . - AlKabeer
In Malaviyaji we find a combination of the two great qualities of Yoga or contemplative energy, of Lord Krishna and practical efficiency of Arjuna, and it is this combination that has brought about this great institution to which we have honour to belong. Pandit Malaviyaji is a Karmayogin. ....... While preserving the imperishable treasures of our past, he is keen on moving forward with the times - Dr S. Radhakrishnan
He was equally at ease in the midst of a gathering of orthodox Sadhus or in the drawing room of a British Viceroy. His charm of manners, his sweet persuasive tongue and the crystal purity of his character never failed to create a deep sense of reverence in those who came in contact with him. - Maharao of Kotah
Malaviyaji “wore the white flower of a blameless life”
- Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
“Gandhiji is of course Gandhiji, but the eyes of Pandit Malaviya have something of the Lord in them.”- These were the inspiring words uttered by a foreign police officer (during the Round Table Conference).
Pt.Malaviya’s courtesy was far greater and sweeter than Mahatma Gandhi’s.
– Mrs Sarojini Naidu
My memories of Pandit Malaviya are of his exquisite courtesy. Such courtesy is the flower of a fine mind and a kindly spirit. ..... His was the aristocracy of the mind..... In the presence of Pandit Malaviya I felt a sense of holiness of something withdrawn.
- Ellen Wilkinson, Former MP
He was a rare sensitive soul. He was rare not only in being a man of wide and deep sympathies but in the depth of his cultured mind.
– Dr Sampurnanand, Ex Chief Minister of UP
One cannot think of Malaviyaji without being reminded of the Malaviya spirit, the spirit of tolerance and accommodation, of viewing things as others view them, of overcoming opposition, not by the rule of the thumb, but by sweet reasonableness, which characterized all his actions.
A Conservative of the most rigid type, he was also the most liberal among liberals. A firm believer in ancient culture and traditions, he was also more modern than most ultra-modern. The very incarnation of gentleness and softness, he was also, when the occasion demanded it, tougher than the most tough, reminding one of what Kalidasa has said of Dilipa. – Dr S.K.Maitra
Panditji had very wide interests in public life and he was a leader in every field of activity that he entered. - V.V.Narlikar
|Go To Top|
|SILVER TONGUED ORATOR :|
|He was called the silver-tongued orator of India. “Some one has magic in his eyes but thou hast it in your tongue.” – Fisenai Azad’s verse describes Malaviyaji
He had a rich melodious voice which Gandhiji characterized as Malaviya’s Silver Voice.
- JB Kripalani
Knowledge of Sanskrit classics, wide acquaintance with English history and literature, deep study of the condition of the masses and researches in current finance and economics, all help to adorn his discourses.
- Dr M.Visvesvaraya, Ex Diwan and Builder of Modern Mysore
He posseses in eminent degree the three great powers of the orator – to instruct, to move, to delight.... His persuasive skill carried all before him.
- Sir Mirza Ismail, Ex Diwan of Mysore State
|Go To Top|
|PATRIOT PAR EXCELLENCE :|
|We believe religion to be the surest foundation of character and the truest source of human happiness. We believe patriotism to be a powerful elevating influence which inspires men to high-minded unselfish action. - Malaviyaji
I am the devotee of Malaviya ji Maharaj. How can a devotee properly and adequately praise his master or write about him? Whatever he writes will look incomplete. Through pictures I had darshan of Malaviya Ji in 1890. This picture was in a paper called ‘India’ published in England by Mr. Digwi. It seems to me I am still today seeing that picture. There is abundance of unity & purity in his thoughts, look and dress. And in this unity I find sweetness and devotion. Today who can compete with Malaviya Ji in Patriotism? Beginning with his youth and till date his patriotism flows uninterrupted like Ganga. Malaviya ji is life force of Banaras Hindu University and for him it (BHU) is his life force.....This greatest of the human beings may live long.
-Mahatma Gandhi while leaving for England, 07-09-1931.
Patriotism and service to motherland is food for Malaviya Ji. He can never, ever leave it, just as it is impossible to leave daily recitation of BhagwadGita. Patriotism and service to motherland together is the breath of life for him. That is why till he breathes he will ceaselessly continue to serve motherland and humanity.
- Mahatma Gandhi, from monthly periodical ‘VishwaJyoti’, Jan1962.
You are the pride of Bharat and Bharat is proud of you.
- Maithili Sharan Gupta
While there may have been any differences of opinion on ordinary matters, whenever there was a crisis or some great national service to be done, he has proved that there is no greater patriot than he... In grave national events he has been only guided by a sense of national duty. -Maulana Hasrat Mohini
The Pandit’s interests are nation-wide and are not confined to politics or education. Every good public cause has his sympathy and support. - Dr M.Visvesvaraya
Patriotism, in the best sense of the term, a burning love for the country of his birth, and a very keen desire to ameliorate the condition of his fellow-countrymen, have been the striking key-notes of Pandit Malaviya’s character as a public man.
-Dr Sachchidananda Sinha
|Go To Top|
|FREEDOM MOVEMENT :|
|The birth of the Indian National Congress in the year 1885 marked the beginning of a new era in the history of the country. In its very next session held at Calcutta in December, 1886 the country saw a bright star emerging on the horizon. It was Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. The combination of rare eloquence with remarkable sweetnes and sauvity captured the heart of every one. Mr A.O.Hume the ‘Father of the Cogress’ recorded as follows in his report of that session-
“But perhaps the speech that was most enthusiastically received was one made by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, a high caste Brahmin, who suddenly jumping up on a chair beside the president, poured forth a manifestly impromptu speech with an energy and eloquence that carried everything before these”. - A.O.Hume
He was so young that he had to be lifted up on a chair in order that the audience might have an opportunity of having a look at him. And that speech-one of the very best that I have heard made a deep impression upon the minds of the congress gathering and pointed him out as one of the future leaders of the congress movement.
-Babu Surendra Nath Banerjea
Giant among men, one of those who laid the foundation of modern Indian Nationalism and year by year, built up brick by brick and stone by stone, the noble edifice of Indian freedom...... Somehow Indian politics took shape in my boyhood eyes in Malaviyaji’s face and figure. – Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
In the beginning, Malaviya was personally opposed to the non-co-operation programme as envisaged by the Congress under Gandhiji’s leadership, but he was, at heart, not only sympathetic but also helpful in many ways to those who took part in it.
-Dr Rajendra Prasad
Malaviyaji was one of the shining lights of the freedom fight during three decades of this century. - JB Kripalani
Of all Indian leaders I love Malaviyaji the most, though I respect Gandhiji the best. That I think is a fair distribution of honor. -Lala Lajpat Rai
His last reply was: “I do not agree with Mahatmaji on this subject of the boycott of schools and colleges, but I do not wish to say anything publicly as I do not want the Government (the then British Government) to feel that we are divided amongst ourselves. Please take this my personal message to your society”. - NN.Godbole
This constitutional attitude of what may be called responsive co-operation was broken at last by the events that happened in 1930. In that fateful year of non-co-operation Pundit Madan Mohan Malaviya at last broke through all his earlier self-imposed restraints and offered himself again and again for imprisonment. - C.F.Andrews
It is well known how he fought for ending the foreign subjugation of India on different fronts. While putting his full weight on the political side of the struggle he strove to develop the social and spiritual side all through his life. The proceedings of the Indian National Congress, Provincial and Central Legislatures, the Banaras Hindu University, the Sanatana Dharma Sabha, and the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, amongst the others, will bear ample tesimony to his indefatigable effort in this direction.
-Maharaja Kamehwar Singh.
During the martial law regime, which followed the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy when none dared to go to the Punjab, it was this brave man who made bold to break the cordon.
Innocent lives of Hindu and Musalman brothers were saved (after the Jallianwala Bagh incident) due to unprecedented efforts of Malaviya ji in Punjab.
- Mahatma Gandhi, Aaj, Hindi Daily, 04th Nov 1920.
Without exaggeration it may be said that Malaviyaji during his waking moments lives for India and if during sleep he has dreams, they must be about India. India fills his whole being, her love is inspiration and her service is the only object of his life.
- Munshi Ishwar Saran
In his politics, Malaviyaji was midway between the Liberals and the Nationalists, the moderates and the extremists, as the followers of Gokhale and Tilak were respectively called. - J.B.Kripalani
For Malaviyaji the anxiety of the future of India was much greater than the great grief which had fallen on him his old age (the death of his son Ramakanth).
- Dr Rajnath
He has worked with 50 Congress Presidents...... and himself was the Congress President for a record of four times! Malaviyaji was the last of the veterans of Congress.
Perhaps his greatest service to Congress was that, through his essentially conservative spirit, he kept the Congress from contesting with the Government until it had developed sufficient strength to launch a campaign without being wrecked as a result of it....... He realized, as a politician, that before acting, the Congress must secure itself firmly on the edifice of public support. Thus for years he fought the Congress Left Wing, counseling for delay in the execution of a revolutionary programme. - Edgar Snow
To the Student of Indian politics during recent months one thing has become abundantly evident; that both these men (Gandhi and Malaviya) must be won over to any solution to the Indian question reached by the Round Table Conference. Without their full endorsement no scheme can be acceptable to India’s millions. – Edgar Snow
While politicians had always in view the next election, the thought of the next generation had ever been before him: while politicians had been working for the growth of their respective parties, the growth of the country had been foremost in his mind.
- Dada J.P.Vaswani
Generations unborn will salute him as a great builder of the Indian nation, as an apostle of Indian ideals and pioneer who called India to the great future that awaits her. Homage to him! - Dada J.P.Vaswani
Patriotism needs it, humanity dictates it, and every possible cosideration that you can have will enforce the carrying out of the Swadeshi Movement in the most earnest spirit, not only now but for a long time to come..... Help the Swadeshi cause so that you may enable the poor people of all parts of India to find food and clothing for themselves.
-Malaviyaji, Surat Conference in 1907
On the 2nd September, 1946, the all Indian National Interim Government was established. Jawaharlal Nehru took charge of the Government of India. Hearing the good news Malaviyaji was filled with joy. His face glowed and he said “Apne Desh men Apna Raj” (Our Government in our Country).
|Go To Top|
|VISIONARY & BUILDER :|
|MANY MILESTONES IN STEPPING OF THE UNIVERSITY.|
1. Strongfelt Need For Technical Education Expressed Often but Always Ignored:
That having regard to the poverty of the people, it is desirable that the Government be moved to elaborate a system of technical education, suitable to the condition of the country, to encourage indigenous manufacture by a more strict observance of the orders.
– Congress Resolution in 1887
Congress urged the appointment of a mixed Commission to enquire into the industrial condition of the country as a preliminary to the introduction of a general system of technical education. – Congress Session in 1888
Congress reiterated in the most emphatic manner the importance of increasing public expenditure on all branches of education, and the expediency of establishing technical schools and colleges.
-Congress Sessions from 1891 to 1895
In 1904 the Congress urged the establishment of at least one central fully equipped polytechnic institute in the country, with minor technical schools and colleges in different provinces, and repeated that prayer in 1905. In 1906 it urged that primary education should be made free, and gradually compulsory, all over the country, and that adequate provision should be made for technical education in the different provinces, having regard to local requirements. It reiterated the same prayer in 1908, 1909,1910,1911and 1913. –Malaviyaji
The question of technical and industrial education has been before the Government and the public for over twenty years. There is probably no subject on which more has been written or said, while less has been accomplished.
-Sir John Hewett, the then Lieutenant – Governor of the United Provinces, in 1907.
2. What Must Have Prompted Malaviyaji To Take Up the Task of Starting The University.
A University which shall gather round it collegiate institutions proud of affiliation and worthy to enjoy it; whose students, housed in residential quarters in close connection with the parent University, shall feel the inner meaning of a corporate life; .....where the professors will draw near to the pupils and mould their characters for good; and where the pupils will begin to value knowledge for its own sake; ...
-Lord Curzon, while bringing forth the The Indian Universities Act 1904.
To provide the full measure of technical and scientific instruction and industrial training which are necessary to qualify our people to make satisfactory progress in manufacturing and industrial pursuits, a widespread system of technical and industrial education such as obtains in Japan is necessary and I hope that the Government will steadily endeavour to build up a similar system here.
- Malaviyaji, Legislative Council, April 1908
Repeated requests to the Government during various Cogress Sessions for introducing Technical Education, the memorable words of Lord Curzon, the stimulus afforded by the universities Act of 1904, the burning desire to restore India to its past glory, the urge to combine religion with education for the purpose of developing the national spirit, the necessity of reorganizing the utterly disintegrated Hindu Society -all these worked together on the great mind of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. The ashrams of ancient rishis, the forest universities, the Gurukulas, the universities of Takshasila and Nalanda, all passed through his eyes in a flash and he at once conceived the idea of a university which would revive the best traditions of the ancient Gurukulas of India and which would combine with them the best traditions of the modern universities of the west where instruction was being imparted in Arts, Science and Technology.
-Adopted from the History of BHU
As an outstanding sturdy patriot he realized that our country suffered on account of technical backwardness, lack of public spirit, inattention to our own great culture. These were the defects which he attempted to remove by the establishment of this University.
- Dr S. Radhakrishnan
Most Muslims I think would most gladly welcome a Hindu university at Banaras. We would gladly welcome another at Poona, a third in Bengal and Madras. But because there is evidently no desire on their part to have a sectarian university with a Brahmanical atmosphere, it is absurd to deny us a university at Aligarh with affiliated colleges all over India. - Agha Khan
My Lord, this is no ordinary occasion. We are watching to-day the birth of a new and, many hopes, a better type of University in India. The main features of this University, which distinguish it from existing Universities, will be, first, that it will be a teaching and residential University; secondly, that while it will be open to all castes and creeds, it will insist upon religious instruction for Hindus, and thirdly, that it will be conducted and managed by the Hindu community and almost entirely by non-officials. .....
-Sir Harcourt Butler, while introducing the Benares Hindu University Bill on the 22nd March 1915, in the Imperial Legislative Council.
I confess that the other day, when I was standing opposite Ramnagar, on the site where your University buildings will, I hope, soon be rising in stately array, and looked down the river Ganges to the ghats at Kashi which swept before me in the distance, I felt that if I was a Hindu I should be proud indeed of the achievement of my people, and at the same time I felt some little pride myself that I was a member of a Government which had joined in one more large endeavour to combine the ancient and honoured culture of India with the culture of the modern western world.
-Sir Harcourt Butler
3. Exceptions to the proposed Hindu University And Justifications:
Two Hon’ble Members have taken exception to the proposed University on the ground that it will be a sectarian university. Both of my friends the Hon’ble Mr. Ghaznavi and the Hon’ble Mr. Setalvad have expressed an apprehension that being sectarian, in its character, it may foster or strengthen separatist tendencies. They have said that the existing Universities have been exercising unifying influence, in removing sectarian differences between Hindus and Mohammadans.
My Lord, the University will be a denominational institution, but not a sectarian one. It will not promote narrow sectarianism but a broad liberation of mind and a religious spirit which will promote brotherly feeling between man and man. Unfortunately we are all aware that the absence of sectarian religious Universities, the absence of any compulsory religious education in our State Universities, has not prevented the growth of sectarian feeling in the country. I believe, My Lord, instruction in the truths of religion, whether it would be Hindus or Mussulmans, whether it be imparted to the students of the Benares Hindu University or of the Aligarh Moslem University, will tend to produce men who, if they are true to their religion, will be true to their God, their King and their country. And I look forward to the time when the students who will pass out of such Universities, will meet each other in a closer embrace as sons of the same Motherland than they do at present.
- Sir Harcourt Butler, while introducing the BHU Bill on the 22nd March 1915.
It is to be regretted that some people are afraid of the influence of religion. I regret I cannot share their views. That influence is ever ennobling. I believe, My Lord, that where the true religious spirit is inculcated, there must be an elevating feeling of humility. And where there is love of God, there will be a greater love and less hatred of man, and therefore I venture to say that if religious instruction will be made compulsory, it will lead to noting but good, not only for Hindu students but for other students as well, who will go to the new university.
-Sir Harcourt Butler, while introducing the BHU Bill on the 22nd March 1915.
Strange as it may seem today, the foreign Government was insistent that the denominational names would not be permitted, whereas Indians, both Hindus and Muslims, declared that under these restrictions, it would not be worthwhile to start the institutions. Some Muslims suggested that a big mausoleum be erected with the funds available, and an inscription put on it, ‘Here lie buried the aspirations of the Muslims’. To rouse public opinion against the attitude of the Government, Malaviyaji went about lecturing. A very largely attended meeting was held at the Bradlaugh Hall at Lahore, and Lala Lajpat Rai, all aflame with emotion, declared, “If the Government remains adamant, we shall name the University, ‘The University of Kashi’ and not ‘Banaras University’ and this will serve our purpose.” The declaration evoked thunderous applause. The Government relented and the two Universities had their denominational names.
There is another point which goes to the very root of many of these objections raised as regards buildings. Your buildings are not for a century, but, I hope, for many centuries to
The effect of beauty is very good. Look at the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford. They cannot live in mud walled cottages as you suggest. In all things you should have Indian beauty and not foreign imitation. And these buildings will make your University a foremost institution in the world. It will hold up the name of India, and Beanres will be considered among the great centres of learning of the world. Universities are made by love, love of beauty and learning. We want beauty of form, beauty of colour, beauty of place, in short beauty of everything. Even your persons can be memorials of beauty. Do not lose beauty. It is Indian. If you do lose beauty, you take away the great manifestation of Iswara and surely you might be blamed for bad learning and inefficient machinery. -Dr Annie Besant.
4. Prince of Beggars:
There is no greater saintly beggar than Malaviya Ji. - Mahatma Gandhi
Maharaja Sir Rameshwar Singh of Darbhanga traveled with Malaviyaji, from place to place, at no small inconvenience to himself. The Maharaja of Bikaner, with the folded skirt of his Achkan walked in the Cowasjee Jehangir Hall in Bombay from seat to seat, collecting donations for the Hindu University. The story of the early days of the Hindu University makes a thrilling reading. Within a few years hardly any prince or commercial magnate was left in India who did not make a contribution to the coffers of the University. – Dr AB. Mishra
Malaviyaji collected in the first heat of his rounds, between 1917-1922, a crore of rupees for the Hindu University which earned for him the title of the Prince of Beggars from no less a person than Mahatma Gandhi. – Dr AB. Mishra
Mahatma Gandhi called him the Prince of Beggars. The Maharajas of Darbhanga, Bikaner and many other states not only donated funds, but accompanied him during his fund collection tours. A Sadhu gave him his chadar, a beggar a rupee, a poor 80 year old widow a rupee, a mail runner 2 annas, a herdsman 8 annas, poor chaprasis, patwaris and mudarrises their salaries. That made him also the Beggar of the beggars!
E. Foundation Laying Ceremony, 4th Feb, 1916.
This foundation stone possesses a deep significance, for it betokens a new departure in the history of education in India, and one that has attracted the most intense interest on the part of all good and thoughtful Hindus. This foundation stone will mark a definite step in the advance towards an ideal that has stirred to its very depths the imagination of India. The demand for enlightenment and educational progress grows ever stronger, and the ceremony we are gathered here to perform offers some small response to that demand and may perhaps pave the way for its more rapid fulfillment........
My own personal conviction, strengthened by what I have seen in other lands, is that education without religion is of but little worth. Here, you hope, in the not far distant future, to see preserved and fostered all that is best in Hindu ideals of life and thought; all that is noblest of Hindu religion and tradition, culture and civilization, and grafted upon that tree, healthy and strong in its own natural soil, you hope to see growing in it and of it, all that is good and great of Western science, industry, and art, so that your young men may go forth, not only inspired with pure and noble ideals, but also equipped for the development of their mother country along the more material lines of progress and prosperity.
-Lord Hardinge, Viceroy’s Speech on the Foundation Laying Day.
Coming to this place – BHU, was like a Pilgrimage to me. -Mahatma Gandhi
No aspect of Malaviya ji is hidden from me. I am well aware of his simplicity, purity, tenderness, and love. From all these virtues of him, you must take as much as you (students & teachers) can. If some one can not take the warmth of Sun, even being in the open, it is not the fault of Sun. Sun itself gives warmth to one and all. If some one does not want to take it and shivers in cold then what can Sun do? Being so close to Malaviyaji, if you cannot learn from his life simplicity, sacrifice, patriotism, large heartedness, universal love and other virtues, then who can be a greater unlucky person than you? -Mahatma Gandhi
Among the living Indians I cannot see a greater patriot doing immense service to Mother India than him. Ever since I came from S. Africa I am his devotee, a disciple. He is the Vice Chancellor of BHU, founded by him. He is its soul and to respect him is our religion, our duty. It is true BHU is his life, but Bharat for him is even more than his life. Malaviya ji has a firm conviction that no one is capable of harming Bharat
- Mahatma Gandhi, Aaj, Hindi Daily, 26th Nov 1920.
The Prime instrument of the Divine Will in this work was the Malaviya Brahmana, Madana Mohana, lover of his motherland. Unto him the Lord gave the gift of Speech, and awakened India with his voice, and induced the leaders and the rulers of the people unto this End. -Last portion of the inscription on the Foundation Slab.
Generations unborn will salute him as a great builder of the Indian nation, as an apostle of Indian ideals and pioneer who called India to the Great future that awaits her, Homage to him! - Dada J.P.Vaswani
Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was a sage and a savant who stood second only to Mahatma Gandhi among the builders of modern India. -BR Rao
Malaviya, to my mind, stands at par in diplomatic and administrative ability with the best captains of education that America or Europe can show. – Dr Sampurnanand
I know no other man in the whole country - and it is my good fortune to know many of India’s best men -who could or would have succeeded in translating ‘holy madness, into accomplished fact’ as Pandit Malaviya has done. And what greater monument could man wish for than the Hindu University?
There must be few men in the world who can boast the vision, courage, and persuasive enterprise that enabled Pandit Malaviya to dream of planting a great university, comparable in purpose and administration to the best in Europe.
The Benares University is Pandit Malaviya’s crowing achievement. It is a stupendous monument, to his peculiar genius, his piety, his audacity in conception, his persistence in execution, his magic influence in the world of Pandits and in that of Princes.
- Right Hon’ble Dr.V.S.Srinivasa Sastri
The Hindu University was the greatest thing Indians have done in this century.
- Colonel Wedgewood
The whole of Europe is acquainted how Indian education is indebted to Pandit Malaviya. I have not seen before this, any great institution which may be the creation of mostly one man. - Colonel Wedgewood
The Banaras Hindu University symbolized Malaviyaji’s respect for the past, confidence in the present and hope for the future. -R. Venkataraman
Your students of the University are to-day making the traditions of to-morrow. I trust that you may be able to feel about your University what I felt about mine; and that this feeling may be a source of strength and comfort to you in your lives and help to place your University among the great Universities of the world.
-Prince of Wales during visit to the University in 1921.
Ten-thousand days in Kashi, from 1916 to 1946, dreaming, planning, working, preaching, praying, making use of every minute of his waking hour.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya belongs to the calss of men who have a vision, who dream dreams. – Dr S.K.Maitra
He was a man with lofty ideas, and to us lesser persons, his schemes sometimes appeared Utopian. In all seriousness he once told us that he was keen in having an underground railway in the University, so as to facilitate easy movement of the students and the Professors from one College to another. –MB. Rane
Ten thousand students, from all parts of India, assembling in Banaras, studying under a common roof, living together in common halls, lisping to common discourses, and sharing the joys and sorrows of life were expected by him to produce, in course of time, a synthesis of Indian culture and a welding of the hearts. - AB. Misra
He was to the University more of a guardian, angel than a mere Vice Chancellor. He was accessible to all and he inspired in all those who studied and taught or served on the campus the faith that he was the well-wisher of everyone of them.
The successful work which the Pandit has done in connection with the Benares University would certainly entitle him to be called a Prince among men. For it is only Princes that can achieve such a financially stupendous task.
Malaviyaji told Shri Jyoti Bhushan that in case he became seriously ill on the way, he should not be carried back to Kashi; and when asked why, his answer was that he did not wish to die in Kashi and thus attain moksha immediately, as he wished to be reborn to complete his unfinished work in the University and his other work outside.
The Macdonald Hindu Boarding House owes its origin almost entirely to his efforts. The Minto Memorial not so well-known as it should be, is also the result of his efforts.
-Dr Tej Bahadur Sapru
It was only in such boarding houses that proper religious and m oral training could be given. Every government college in India should have a Hindu Boarding House attached to it, governed by the Hindus.
- Sir Anthony Mac Donnell, Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces, at the Foundation Laying Ceremony of the ‘MacDonnell Hindu Boarding School’ to acccomaodate 200 Students. The estimated cost was Rs 2 lakhs, and Malaviyaji collected --- lakhs.
He used to have considerable correspondence with foreign experts and others e.g. Lord Rutherford, Sir A.Eddington, Laski, Keith and others. Later (1935-36) he tried hard to persuade Einstein to come over to India for a suitable period, on his own terms in some joint scheme perhaps and co-operation with Sir C.P.Ramaswami Aiyyar, Vice-Chancellor of the Travancore University. – SS. Joshi
6. Note of Caution:
-The Chancellor, Maharaja Sir Sayaji Rao Gaekwad to Baroda, Convocation Address on the 19th January, 1924.
Remember, millions of poor people will never have access to the facilities that Malaviyaji has provided for you. What return will you make to these brothers and sisters of yours. You may be sure that when he conceived the plan of this University, he had the question in mind and he embarked on the mission in the hope that you would so conduct yourselves as to deserve the training given to you.
-Mahatma Gandhi, 1929 visit to BHU.
You must always be prepared to do the duty that your country may demand of you. Love your countrymen and promote unity among them. A large Spirit of toleration and forbearance, and a larger spirit of loving service is demanded of you. We expect you to devote as much of your time and energy as you can spare to the uplift of your humble brethren. We expect you to work in their midst, to share their sorrows and their joys, to strive to make their lives happier in every way you can.
–Convocation Address of Malaviyaji on 14 Dec 1929.
7. Malaviyaji’s Retirement:
This meeting is going to be a land mark in the history of this University. One of the markers of this famous seat of learning is about so sever his official connection with it to-day. Years ago he saw a dream. It fascinated the leading lights of the day. They toiled to make the dream a reality. Numerous Princes and people of this great country put their shoulder to the wheel and here on the bank of the holy Ganga in the sacred township of Kashi they reared up this noble institution which establishes a link between the Gurukulas of old and the Universities of to-day (hear, hear). The dream of the re-birth of Taxila. Nalanda and Vikramsila, at the fair field of Nalagrama, in the twentieth century, came true. It ceased to be a dream. It became a concrete object for us and the succeeding generations to behold and admire. The gifted Seer, the ‘Prime instrument of the Divine will in this work’ did not stop there. His love for his motherland did not allow him any rest. He “awakened India with his voice” and induced the leaders and the rulers of the people to help in the work of ‘preserving the vital seed of all religious for future great growth and development anew and for the enactment of the Dramas of ever new civilizations which infinitesimally express his boundless Glories’
-Maharaja Kameshwar Singh of Dabhanga, on Malaviyaji’s retirement in Aug 1939
Pandit Malaviya is considered to be an incorrigible optimist. People said all sorts of things about his proposal to establish a great Hindu University. Some friends considered his idea of a University as Utopian and did not conceal their view that Malaviyaji’s scheme of a University bigger than any University, at any rate, in India was all moonshine. But Malaviyaji was not discouraged by these views. He said to me more than once that those who criticized him would come forward to help him. It was exactly what did happen. He went forward with unfaltering steps, with vision undimmed and with hope undiminished and at last succeeded in his efforts.
-Munshi Iswar Saran, 1939.
I, well remember, Sir, when I was a student of the Muir Central College, Allahabad, my friend Munshi Iswar Saran and I used to go to Panditji almost every week for inspiration and guidance and the help and inspiration that we received from him then is still gratefully remembered by us. In fact he has been able to inspire thousands of our young men whose good fortune it has been to carry on their studies in this great institution. We all look upon the revered Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya not only as a founder of this great University but as an institution himself.
–Pt Iqbal Narain Gurtu, 1939.
At the time of the second Round Table Conference, I happened to be in London. Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya were of course both members of the Conference. When the Conference was about to disperse, a C.I.D. officer who used to look after the traffic and the facilities and comforts of the great Indian visitors, was asked by my friend, Dr. S.K.Datta, as to what he thought of the two great Indian leaders whom he met so constantly namely Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. Well, said he, it is very difficult to compare great men; Gandhiji is of course Gandhiji, but the eyes of Pandit Malaviya have something of the Lord in them.
–S.S.Bhatnagar.(BHU History, p672)
8. Silver Jubilee of BHU, 1942:
Everyone knows that there is no great beggar than Pandit Malaviyaji on the face of the earth. He has never begged for himself; by the grace of God he has never been in want, but he became a voluntary beggar for causes he has made his own, and God has always filled his bowl in an over-flowing measure. But he had an insatiable appetite and although he got the crore he wanted he is still asking for more.
- Mahatma Gandhi, Silver Jubilee Adress, 21st Jan 1942.
Here we have not a bit of stone, but a whole landscape. If only nature could have life and memory, the stones of Benares would be able to repeat the words of Veda Vyasa, of the Rishis of the Upanishads, the sermons of Buddha, the message of the Gita and the sayings of hundreds of saints and teachers who have lived in this neighbourhood. It is possible for us to think of more suitable site for the development of the Hindu University? –Dr S.Radhakrishnan, Silver Jubilee Address, 21st Jan 1942.
|Go To Top|
|LAW PRACTICE :|
Even today, leaving his law practice of more than a lakh of monthly income, he is ceaselessly involved in the service of the country.
- Mahatma Gandhi, Aaj, Hindi Daily, 04th Nov 1920.
Malaviya ji left his prosperous law practice and embraced a life of poverty and hardship, in the Service of Nation. Like Gopal Krishna Gokhale, he was convinced, that service to nation is a full time work and efforts. He dedicated himself fully for all the aspects of Motherland’s welfare and sacrificed his whole life towards this great goal.
-Sir Prafull Chandra Roy.
Malaviyaji could have soared to enviable eminence at the bar. That was what an Allahabad High Court Judge meant when he said, “Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya has the ball before his feet but he refuses to kick it”. Why he did so was due to his burning patriotism and his desire to uplift India materially and spiritually. –B.R.Rao
|Go To Top|
|VIEWS ON RELIGION/DHARMA :|
Let righteousness and Dharma prevail, and all communities and societies progress
Let our beloved Motherland regain its lost glory, and the sons of Bharat be victorious
Let everyone be part of the same Consciousness, let all love that Supreme Lord
Let us always be firm in the path of Dharma, which always lives in our Soul
- Madan Mohan Malaviya
We believe religion to be the surest foundation of character and the truest source of human happiness. We believe patriotism to be a powerful elevating influence which inspires men to high-minded unselfish action. - Malaviyaji
I believe in the potency of religious teaching. I believe that, that forms a solid basis for character. I believe that one country would be much poorer and in a much deplorable condition if religious instruction be not imparted in schools and colleges for religion is the solace and comfort to life. Therefore it should be taught along with many other subjects. - Malaviyaji
I hold that an education which does not provide for instruction in the religion of one’s forefathers can never be complete and am convinced that a Hindu will be a better Hindu, a Christian a better Christian, and a Mohammedan a better Mohammedan if he had implicit faith i his God and in the religion of his forefathers.
- Maharaja Sir Rameshwar Singh of Darbhanga
|Go To Top|
|HIS HINDU IDEALS :|
He is not only a representative of Hinduism but the soul of Hinduism. He had strived all through his life for the Hindu ideals and we see the combination of idealism and practical wisdom. - Dr S. Radhakrishnan
Hindu Dharma was the most outstanding feature of his personality. It was, in fact, the very breath of his life. It pervaded his whole life as nothing else did. All his activities- political, social, educational- were centred in it. Yet there was nothing sectarian about it. It was not confined to any creed or dogma. He felt about Hindu Dharma as a child feels about its mother, as something indispensable without which life becomes impossible. Those who ascribe sectarianism to him do great injustice to him. His conception of Hindu Dharma could not be sectarian, for the simple reason that it was universal. - NC.Kelkar
I think that those who regard Pandit Malaviya as in any way inimical to non-Hindu cultures in India have shown less than the necessary amount of patience to study the Pandit’s most enviable activities and intentions. - G.K.Nariman
He was in our day probably the best representative of ancient Hindu culture and philosophy and yet I have no hesitation in saying that he combined with his orthodoxy of belief and practice a breadth of view and toleration for different opinions and different creeds. - Dr Tej Bahadur Sapru
He endeavoured to catch up with the modern world without disturbing the old principles and ideals that stood the test of time.
–Maharaja Kameshwar Singh
He combined to a rare degree a synthesis of the ancient and the modern, a blending of the Eastern and the Western cultures. In his thoughts, his mode of life, his deep religious attitude, he epitomized the “Rishis” of ancient India. –Maharao of Kotah
He has also been one of the principal organizers of the Hindu Mahasabha Movement, the object of which is to promote co-operative effort for all good purposes among the Hindus so that the community may not fall below other nationalities.
- Dr M.Visvesvaraya
|Go To Top|
In his extreme Hindu outlook lies the main difference between himself and every other leader of first rank in Indian politics to-day. I do not know any outstanding personality who carries his orthodoxy as far as Malaviya. He is conservative to the last degree in everything where Hinduism is concerned, while at the same time in national affairs he is in many respects an advanced thinker. – C.F.Andrews
In certain sudden emergencies, when the call of his country came to him with compelling force, he was ready to throw even his own strict Hindu orthodoxy aside and take steps which led him into forbidden paths. - C.F.Andrews
Though I am told he never eats with members of the depressed classes, he is always available to them, treats them as social equals, welcomes them to his University, and urges that all discriminations against them must cease. -Edgar Snow
He lived the typical life a pious and orthodox Hindu and yet his orthodoxy never stood in his way when the country demanded that he should cross the seas and go on its behalf to the Second Round Table Conference. - Dr Tej Bahadur Sapru
As an orthodox Hindu, he was often distrusted by Muslims leaders. But I know that he was a passionate advocate of Hindu-Muslim unity. - J.B.Kripalani
Orthodoxy in Malaviyaji was nothing more than rigorous self-discipline prescribed by ancient texts. There was not a trace of bigotry, fanaticism and intolerance in him. One of the articles of his faith was vasudhaiva kutumbakam. -BR Rao
I think Pt. Malaviya was the last of the orthodox-progressive Hindu leaders.
- Sarojini Naidu
|Go To Top|
|KATHA VACHAK :|
During my 21 days of fasting, I listened to many portions of scriptures in original Sanskrit from the pious tongue of Malaviya Ji. Then I thought if in my childhood
I had listened from the similar devotee of Gita then I would have deeply and staunchly loved it and would have become a dedicated devotee.
-From the Autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi
|Go To Top|
|HINDU-MUSLIM RELATIONS :|
India belongs to the Hindus, the Mohammedans, the Sikhs, the Parsis and others. No single community can rub over the rest. Your hand has five fingers. If you put off the thumb, the power of your hand will be reduced to one-tenth of its original power. Act in such away that all may unite…. Let there be mutual trust. We will have to make such a law and such a constitution that nobody may be afraid of anyone else in the country in whatever circumstances he be placed. When we succeed in doing so there will be no questions of majority or minority. I again repeat. Go on discussing and explaining. Never say, “Now we break”. Never say, “die”. One day’s fight brings permanent loss to the country. It brings disgrace upon us. - Malaviyaji
With his intense love for Hinduism he had a catholicity of spirit and breadth of view to respect other religions and their followers. – M.S.Aney
I can truthfully assert that he is by no means anti-Mohammedan. I have had innumerable talks with him on the question, but never has he betrayed even in private any hostility tot eh Muslim community...... He desires to be just to Mohammedans, but unlike Mahatma Gandhi he is not prepared to give them all they want. He would be just and even a little generous to Mohammedans but not over-generous............ To stigmatise him as anti-Mohammadan is to do him a great wrong.
- Munshi Ishwar Saran
Some people had described him as an “anti-Mussalman”. A short conversation showed how untrue was such a description of the patriotic personality before me..... Pandit Malaviya is simply pro-Indian first and last....... --Sir Mirza Ismail
Most politicians would have ignored such remarks from a callow student at a students’ function, but to my surprise, Pandit Malaviya rose again after my vote of thanks and addressed us for almost an hour explaining the circumstances in which the negotiations (with the British Government during the Round Table Conference in 1931) had failed. What impressed us even more and made me feel both ashamed and happy, he gave us a pledge that immediately on his return to India he would devote all his energies to a satisfactory solution of the communal problem. Students of history will remember that soon after his return to India, Pandit Malaviya did convene an All Parties Conference and made earnest efforts for a satisfactory solution of the differences among the Indian communities. His efforts did not unfortunately succeed, but we all admired him for the attempt. –Humayun Kabir
|Go To Top|
|LOVE FOR HINDI :|
He was also the father of the movement for a national language for India and brought the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan and the geat linguistic and literary movement whic is associated with Hindi into existence. -KM Munshi
The attainment to its present status by Hindi, in U.P. at any rate, owes very much indeed to Malaviyaji’s sustained hard work of which but little was known to the public them.
– SS. Joshi
|Go To Top|
|WOMEN’S EMANCIPATION :|
Malaviya ji knew that the welfare of household, society and humanity depends largely on girls, ladies and housewives. - Pt. Braj Mohan Vyas
I realised that it (orthodoxy) was part and parcel of his very being and that it would have been quite wrong for anybody to try to dissuade him from following age-long Hindu tradition. In all other matters of social reform, Malaviyaji was most progressive and I was specially drawn to him by his indignation at the many disabilities from which Indian women suffered. –Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
Who can forget the vast gathering of fifty thousand women, who had gathered on the Bombay beach to hear his soul-stirring address in 1930, during the Satyagraha days when he came out of Bombay Arthur Road jail. He exhorted the women of India to be brave and fearless and to save their honour in moments of danger and practice methods of self-defence. The Mahamana’s words infused a new hope into the hearts of the women of India. - VA.Sundaram
He is in favour of adult suffrage for women and the removal of purdah. Through legislation, he would guarantee to all citizens of India, under Swaraj, equal opportunities in matters of education and livelihood, and equal right to participate in all the social and political functions of public life. - Edgar Snow
Once at Amritsar, a deputation of muslim women in Burqa came to see him. Their husbands had been convicted for murder and looting of Hindus. Panditji was moved by the plight of the Muslim women, whose husbands had been jailed for their offences. He, however, agreed to give them financial help against the wishes of local Hindu leaders. I remember Panditji saying, “why should the women be punished for the crime of their husbands?” That was Budha-like culture of the great Panditji.
– Bhikshu Chamanlal
|Go To Top|
|SERVICE TO THE UNTOUCHABILE/DOWNTRODDEN :|
The name of Malaviya ji has a magical charm for the people. Since I had arrived in India (from South Africa) I have an intimate contact with him. I have lots of interaction with him and I know him very well. His views for the society is full of compassion and love. We love each other more than real brothers.
-Mahatma Gandhi, while speaking in a special Congress Session , 15-09-1920, Source: Autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi.
Mahamana Malaviya ji’s all encompassing compassion embraced one and all, Kings and paupers alike. That is why he was called Mahamana. - Vinoba Bhave
“What you don’t wish to be done to yourself don’t to do other.” That philosophy counted when he was asking the people of Bangalore to raise the down-trodden and the fallen people of this country whom we now call the Harijans. - Dr S. Radhakrishnan
During the Kumbh Mela of 1918 at Allahabad Malaviya addressed a gathering at the Sangam, of about 2000 members of the conservancy staff (sweepers) of the mela in the local dialect, giving them this simple definition of Dharma. - Paramanand
When Mahatma Gandhi went on a fast as a protest against the award of Ramsay Macdonald, he not only supported the stand that separate electorate would do a great harm to Harijans, but also went a step further and assured Mahatma Gandhi that no one would be regarded as untouchable thereafter. On the question of the right of Harijans to enter temples he observed, “I speak on the basis of my study of the Dharmic Books that they also should get Dev Darshan”. - BR.Rao
The question of untouchability is a question, to a large extent, of education and economic condition….. There will not be a Hindu of the orthodox type who will not sit with a member of the depressed classes as a brother and fellow- citizen if he has been educated.
|Go To Top|
|COW PROTECTION - SPEECHES/WRITINGS :|
The volume of his writings and published speeches in English is immense... The appeal he issued along with a dozen other Hindu leaders of the Province on May 30, 1903 for contributions to a fund of three lakhs for the construction and endowment of the Hindu Boarding House at Allahabad is the first document setting out his educational ideas.
His thoughts, ideologies, and values are very important and relevant even today and will certainly enthuse the younger generation to make positive contributions to the society and the country.
|Go To Top|
|QUIZ & QUIP|
|SEND ANSWERS & COMMENTS|
|Please send your answers and any other specific comments, corrections, reminiscences, references of books or of persons who have more information.
Your answers or queries to be addressed to our email:
|Mail to Us|